The rate of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increasing day by day which is the major cause of Global Warming. One of the largest sources of carbon dioxide emission from human activities is from burning fossil fuels for transportation. Hence the transportation section is the best place to put our efforts to reduce CO2 emissions.
The number of fueled vehicles is increasing every day, which is not bad but, we have to minimize the use of it. An average passenger vehicle emits around 4.6 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year, this number depends on vehicle’s fuel, fuel economy, and the number of miles driven per year.
- CO2 Emissions from a gallon of gasoline: 8,887 grams CO2/ gallon.
- CO2 Emissions from a gallon of diesel: 10,180 grams CO2/ gallon.
We can find and compare CO2 emission rates for specific vehicle models in Fueleconomy.gov
” Industry has to find a way, together with the governments, to find new modes, new modalities for transportation.“– Fatih Birol
Here comes the requirement for alternative technology in the automobile industry such as electric vehicles (EV) and adapting such environment-friendly vehicle. EV uses electric motors instead of internal combustion engines (ICEs) for propulsion which is the main cause for local pollution.
Electric vehicle work in a similar way as ones powered by petrol, diesel or even hydrogen. A battery-electric vehicle uses energy stored in the battery to power the electric motor to propel the vehicle and can be connected to a charging port and can be recharged when required.
They are classified into battery electric vehicle [BEV], hybrid electric vehicle [HEV], and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle [PHEV]. They are operated on different battery technologies varying from lithium-ion batteries, lead-acid batteries, and nickel-metal hydride.
What are the benefits of EV?
Some of the benefits of EVs are it produces less engine noise, no localized emissions, easy to drive, have automatic gearboxes. Low running costs that are filling the battery with electricity is cheaper than using petrol or diesel to go a similar distance. Variety of options for charging, the charger can be installed anywhere (home, office, etc) and can be powered using solar panels. EV requires less maintenance and is more reliable.